Tuesday, 15 November 2011


As we all know in order to success in a teaching process, we need to vary ourteaching skill. Teaching skill is essential for us to teach effectively. It can be divided into smaller unit of skills for teaching. Such unit is known as microteaching. There are a total of 9 main skills under microteaching. The skills include:-

      1.     Beginning of lesson (memulakan pengajaran)
-          Purposes:
(a)    To attract student’s attention
(b)   Help student to get ready for a lesson
(c)    To introduce learning objective
(d)   To understand student’s prior knowledge and misconception
-          Ways:
(a)    Asking question
(b)   Group discussion
(c)    Demonstration
(d)   Quiz
(e)    Predict-Observe-Explain (POE)
(f)    Concept map
(g)   Concept cartoon
(h)   Discrepant event & etc

     2.     Questioning (menyoal)
-          Purposes:
(a)    To start an inquiry
(b)   To get student involve actively in the lesson
(c)    To built student’s interest
(d)   Focus student’s attention on an idea or concept
(e)    To built thinking skills of student
(f)    To know and handle student’s misconception
(g)   To understand student’s ideas

-          Steps:
                                                        i.            Give question to students
                                                      ii.            Appropriate waiting time
                                                    iii.            Pick student to answer question
Ø  Prompting student’s when they cannot answer the question
Ø  Probing student’s to answer more critical question
                                                    iv.            Give respond to student’s answer
                                                      v.            Make conclusion for acceptable / correct answer

     3.     Explaining (menerang)
-          Purposes:
(a)    To express information more effective
(b)   To built student’s knowledge towards an idea or concept
(c)    To make sure student can obey rule
-          Main principles:
(a)    Clarify
·         Focus on specific aspect
·         Use relevant and interesting examples
·         Use simple and easy understand words
(b)   Assertion
·         Use different intonation
·         Body language
(c)    Sequence
·         Inductive/ Deductive
·         Help to memorize (prompts)
·         Use linking and in vary
·         Control our expressing speed
(d)   Responds
·         Involves student
·         Give chances for student to express their ideas, interest and attitude

     4.     Strenghten (memperkukuh)
-          Purposes:
(a)    Increase classroom interaction
(b)   Rebuilt classroom discipline
(c)    Motivate student
(d)   Increase student’s confident
(e)    Change student’s behaviour and attitude
(f)    Increase student’s understanding
-          Priciples:
(a)    Show warmness and intent of interest
(b)   Open-minded
(c)    Using vary of methods, media, technology and activities
(d)   Show sincere

     5.     Demonstration (membuat demonstrasi)
-          Purposes:
(a)    Invites students to carry out an inquiry guidance
(b)   Helps student built up knowledge
(c)    Stimulate critical and creative thinking
-          Principles:
(a)    Involves student in doing demonstration
(b)   Using inductive process rather than deductive process
(c)    Make demonstration look interesting
(d)   Make sure student can see and listen clearly
(e)    Ask inquiry questions
(f)    Help student obtain concept that need to be teach through questions
(g)   Give positive strengthening

     6.     Discussion (mengendalikan perbincangan)
-          Purposes:
(a)    Student involves actively in learning
(b)   Student involves in solving problems rather than teaching academic content
(c)    Strengthening learning
(d)   Stimulate critical and creative thinking
(e)    Student react quickly based on their knowledge
-          Steps:
                                                        i.            Planning
                                                      ii.            Practicing
-          Principles:
(a)    Create a situation that question from student is expected
(b)   Always strengthen positively
(c)    Praise student that pay attention
(d)   Recall student’s idea and link all the ideas
(e)    Show positive attitude and open
(f)    Make sure the commitment from all the students

     7.     Handling practical work (mengendali kerja amali)
-          Purposes:
(a)    Increase content mastery
(b)   Give student has chances to experiences nature, method and spirit of science
(c)    Built up scientific skills and attitude
(d)   Built up critical and creative thinking
(e)    Develop generic practical skills
(f)    Develop sciences knowledge empirically
(g)   Develop do work as a group
-          Principles:
(a)    Determine the practical work objective
(b)   Focus  partly of the skill for each teaching
(c)    Well prepare before doing practical work
(d)   Grouping the students into smaller group
(e)    Practical work traditional also as important an inquiry practical work
(f)    Create a situation to enhance curiosity and scientific spirit
(g)   Remind lab’s rule
(h)   Teach practical’s skill to avoid accident

     8.     Closure of lesson (menutup pengajaran)
-          Cognitive aspect:
·         Conclude learning outcome
·         Assess student’s knowledge
·         Student makes their reflection
·         Make linking with next lesson
·         Gives homework
-          Social aspect:
·         Affective values where student feel interesting and success in leaning at the same time feel important and special on their lesson

     9.     Reflection (membuat refleksi)
-          Purposes:
·         To detect problems that student may facing for improvement purpose
·         To identify strengths that can be utilized
·         To create improving action for personality and professionalism improvement

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